The Adapta® Universal Kinase Assay Kit is a homogenous, fluorescence-based immunoassay for the detection of ADP.  Adapta® Assays utilize Transcreener® HTS Assay Platform technology (patent no 7332278) under license from Bellbrook Labs, LLC. Some of the benefits of this assay format include:
  • High Z’-factors at low percent conversion of ATP to ADP
  • One assay suitable for all kinases, including difficult to assay targets such as lipid kinases
  • Best in class Alexa Fluor® dyes enable a superior red-shifted TR-FRET assay
  • Reduced interference from compound autofluorescence or light scattering from precipitated compounds
  • Complete validated assay system available including substrate and specialized assay buffer


A growing list of Invitrogen kinases have been validated for use with the Adapta® Universal Kinase Assay Kit and corresponding substrates. Please view our Adapta® Assay Reactivity Table to see if your kinase has been validated with the Adapta® Assay.

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Assay principle

The principle of the Adapta® Universal Kinase Assay is shown in Figure 1. The assay itself can be divided into two phases: a kinase reaction phase, and an ADP detection phase. In the kinase reaction phase, all kinase reaction components are added to the well and the reaction is allowed to incubate (typically 60 minutes). After the reaction, a detection solution of Europium-labeled anti-ADP antibody, an Alexa Fluor® 647 labeled ADP tracer, and EDTA (to stop the kinase reaction) is added to the assay well. ADP formed by the kinase reaction (in the absence of an inhibitor) will displace the Alexa Fluor® 647 labeled ADP tracer from the antibody, resulting in a TR-FRET signal decrease. In the presence of an inhibitor, the amount of ADP formed by the kinase reaction is reduced, and the resulting intact antibody-tracer interaction results in a high TR-FRET signal.


Figure 1. Schematic principle of the Adapta® Universal Kinase Assay

Assay sensitivity

The Adapta® Universal Kinase Assay measures kinase activity by detecting ADP formation. Most of the signal change occurs in the first 10-20% conversion of ATP to ADP (Figure 2). This is in sharp contrast to kinase assays that measure ATP depletion, in which 20% conversion of ATP to ADP results in only a 20% signal change. As a result, the Adapta® Universal Kinase Assays produces high Z’-factors at low % conversions and is ideally suited for use with kinases with low activity since less ADP has to be formed to achieve an optimal assay window.



Figure 2—Assay signal as a function of percent conversion of ATP to ADP. A representative ATP-ADP titration curve highlights the large change in assay signal at only 20% conversion of ATP to ADP. This makes the Adapta® assay ideally suited for use with kinases with low activity since less ADP has to be formed to achieve an optimal assay window.

Substrate availability

In addition to the Adapta® Universal Kinase Assay Kit, we offer a selection of lipid and peptide based substrates for use with the Adapta® Assay.  Both the lipid and peptide substrates were designed and optmized with assay performance in mind.

Our lipid substrates were designed for optimal performance in the Adapta® Universal Kinase Assay with our PI3 kinases.

  • No re-hydrations, sonication, or extrusion needed, the lipid substrates are ready for immediate use in your kinase assay
  • Formulated for optimal performance with PI3 kinases
  • Get reliable, reproducible performance each and every time, even after multiple freeze-thaw cycles

 

Since lipid kinases are often highly sensitive to reaction conditions, such as the type and concentration of detergents and salts, we have optimized buffers for each PI3 kinase in our collection.

A list of substrates and buffers currently available from Invitrogen for use in the Adapta® Universal Kinase Assay, can be found below.

Adapta® Assay reactivity table

The following is a list of kinases which have been validated using the Adapta® Universal Assay Kit. Please check back often as we are continuously validating additional kinases.

The table also includes the recommended substrate and buffer to run the assay as outlined in the assay conditions section. 5X Kinase Buffer A is included with the purchase of the Adapta® Assay Kit.

The Adatpa® Reactivity table is currently being updated – to obtain a list of kinases which have been validated using the Adapta® Universal Assay Kit or which reagents to use with your kinase, please contact us at discoverysciences@lifetech.com.

Kinase Substrate Buffer Literature
CAMK1 ZIPtide 5X Kinase Buffer A PV4391 CAMK1 Adapta Assay Validation1
CDK7/cyclin H/MNAT1 CDK7/9tide 5X Kinase Buffer A PV3868 Cdk7 Adapta Assay Validation1
CDK9/cyclin T1 CDK7/9tide 5X Kinase Buffer A PV4131 Cdk9 Adapta Assay Validation1
DAPK1 ZIPtide 5X Kinase Buffer A PV3969 DAPK1 Adapta Assay Validation1
LRRK2 ERM (LRRKtide) 5X Kinase Buffer S PV4873 LRRK2 Adapta Assay Validation1
LRRK2 G2019S ERM (LRRKtide) 5X Kinase Buffer S PV4881 LRRK2 G2019S Adapta Assay Validation1
PIK3C3 PI:PS Substrate 5X Kinase Buffer Q PV5126 PIK3C3 (hVPS34) Adapta Validation1
PIK3CA/PIK3R1 PIP2:PS Substrate 5X Kinase Buffer R PV4788 PIK3CA_PIK3R1 Adapta Assay Validation
PIK3CG PIP2:PS Substrate 5X Kinase Buffer R PV4786 PIK3CG Adapta Assay Validation
SPHK1 Sphingosine Kinase Substrate 5X Kinase Buffer A SPHK1_Adapta
SPHK2 Sphingosine Kinase Substrate 5X Kinase Buffer A PV5216 SPHK2 Adapta Assay Validation
PIK3CD/PIK3R1 PIP2:PS Substrate 5X Kinase Buffer R PV5273 PIK3CD_PIK3R1 Adapta Assay Validation
PI4KB PI:PS Substrate 5X Kinase Buffer T PV5277 PI4KB Adapta Assay Validation
PIK3C2B PI Substrate 5X Kinase Buffer R PV5374 PIK3C2B Adapta Assay Validation1
PIK3C2A PI Substrate 5X Kinase Buffer R PV5586 PIK3C2A Adapta Validation1
PI4KA PI:PS Substrate 5X Kinase Buffer T PV5689 PI4KA (PI4K alpha) Adapta Validation
MKNK2 RS peptide 5X Kinase Buffer A PV5607 MKNK2 (MNK2) Adapta Validation
GSG2 Histone H3 Peptide (1-20) 5X Kinase Buffer A PV5708 GSG2 Adapta Assay validation
PDK4 PDH peptide 5X Kinase Buffer A PV5710 PDK4 Adapta Assay validation
MKNK1 RS peptide 5X Kinase Buffer A MKNK1 _MNK1_ Adapta

Instrument settings

Most instruments, settings, and filters that work with other europium-based TR-FRET assay systems will perform well with the Adapta® Universal Kinase Assay. As with other TR-FRET systems, the europium donor is excited using a 340-nm excitation filter with a 30-nm bandpass. Energy transfer to the Alexa Fluor® 647 tracer is measured using a filter centered at 665 nm with a 10 nm bandpass. This signal is then referenced (or “ratioed”) to the emission from europium peak, using a 615 nm, 10-nm bandpass filter (See Figure 3). The “emission ratio” is calculated as the 665 nm signal divided by the 615 nm signal.

For assistance with determining if your instrument is suitable to read the Adapta® Universal Kinase Assay, or for assistance with instrument setup, please call us at 1 760 603 7200 (select option 3, then enter extension 40266).


Figure 3. Excitation and emission spectra of the Adapta® Universal Kinase Assay
The emission spectrum of the europium donor (in black) overlaps with the excitation spectrum for the Alexa Fluor® 647 ADP tracer (dashed red line). Following energy transfer, the emission from the Alexa Fluor® 647 ADP tracer (solid red line) is detected with a filter centered at 665 nm with a 10 nm bandpass. This signal is then referenced (or ‘ratioed’) to the emission of the europium signal using a filter centered at 615 nm with a 10 nm bandpass.

Ordering Information

Sku Name Size Price Qty
PV5099 Adapta™ Universal Kinase Assay Kit 1 kit USD 668.00
PV5090 CDK7⁄9tide Substrate 1 mL USD 668.00
PV5093 ERM (LRRKtide) Substrate 1 mL USD 668.00
PV5094 ZIPtide Substrate 1 mL USD 668.00
PV5100 PIP2:PS Lipid Kinase Substrate 400 nmol USD 668.00
PV5122 PI:PS Lipid Kinase Substrate 800 nmol USD 680.00
PV5371 PI Lipid Kinase Substrate 800 nmol USD 680.00
PV5372 Sphingosine Kinase Substrate 400 nmol USD 668.00
PV3189 Kinase Buffer A (5X) 4 mL USD 135.00
PV5125 5X Kinase Buffer Q 4 mL USD 135.00
PV5101 5X Kinase Buffer R 4 mL USD 135.00
PV5213 5X Kinase Buffer S 4 mL USD 135.00
PV5373 5X Kinase Buffer T 4 mL USD 135.00