Table 23.2 Fluorescence excitation sources.

Source Principal Lines (nm)
Mercury-arc lamp366, 405, 436, 546, 578 *
Xenon-arc lamp250–1000 *
Tungsten–halogen lamp350–1000 *
Violet diode laser405
Helium–cadmium laser325, 442
Argon-ion laser457, 488, 514
Nd:YAG laser532 †
Helium–neon laser543, 594, 633
Yellow diode laser561
Krypton-ion laser568, 647
Red diode laser635
* Continuous white-light source. † Frequency-doubled principal line output.
For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures.