THP-1 cells

Introduction

Lipofectamine® LTX Reagent is a proprietary, animal-origin free formulation for the transfection of DNA into eukaryotic cells with low cytotoxicity. This reference provides a recommended procedure to transfect plasmid DNA into THP-1 Human Monocytic Leukemia Cells (ATCC Cat. No. TIB-202) using Lipofectamine® LTX Reagent (Cat. No. 15338-100).

Important Guidelines for Transfection

Follow these important guidelines when transfecting DNA into THP-1 cells using Lipofectamine® LTX Reagent:

  • The addition of antibiotics to media during transfection may result in cell death, and has not been tested for THP-1 cells. If you wish to use antibiotics during transfection, test your conditions thoroughly.
  • Maintain the same seeding conditions between experiments. Use low-passage cells; make sure that cell  are healthy and greater than 90% viable before transfection.
  • Transfection can be performed both in the presence or absence of serum. Test serum-free media for compatibility with Lipofectamine® LTX Reagent.
  • Using PLUS™ Reagent (Cat. No. 11514-015) enhances transfection performance in THP-1 cells.
  • We recommend Opti-MEM® I Reduced Serum Medium (Cat. No. 31985-062) to dilute the DNA and Lipofectamine® LTX Reagent before complexing.
  • Visit www.lifetechnologies.com/transfection or contact Technical Service for other specialized transfection protocols (including cell-type specific advice on use of PLUS™ Reagent and antibiotics, and a protocol for vector-based RNAi).
  • Lipofectamine® LTX Reagent performs well with vector-based RNAi experiments. For siRNA and Stealth™ RNAi transfections, we recommend Lipofectamine® RNAiMAX (Cat. No. 13778-075). Go to www.lifetechnologies.com/RNAi or contact Technical Service for more information.

 Materials Needed

Have the following reagents on hand before beginning:

  • THP-1 cells maintained in RPMI with L-glutamine (Cat. No. 11875-085) supplemented with 10% fetal bovine serum (Cat. No. 26140-079), and 0.1 mM MEM Non-Essential Amino Acids Solution (cat. No. 11140-050). Grow cells at 37°C with 5% CO2.
  • Plasmid DNA of interest (100 ng/μl or higher)
  • Lipofectamine®  LTX Reagent (store at +4°C until use), and PLUS™ Reagent (if desired; store at 4°C)
  • Opti-MEM® I Reduced Serum Medium
  • Appropriate tissue culture plates and supplies

Ordering Information

Transfection of SK-OV-3 Cells

Use this procedure to transfect plasmid DNA into THP-1 cells in a 24-well format (for other formats, see Scaling Up or Down Transfections, below). All amounts and volumes are given on a per well basis.

  1. The day of transfection, count the cells to determine culture density. Plate 1 x 105 cells per well in 0.5 ml of complete growth medium. Cell density should be 50~80% confluent on the day of transfection.

  2. For each well of cells to be transfected, dilute 0.5 μg of DNA into 100 μl of Opti-MEM® I Reduced Serum Medium without serum.

  3. If using PLUS™ Reagent: Mix PLUS™ Reagent gently before use, then add 0.5 μl PLUS™ Reagent (a 1:1 ratio to DNA) directly to the diluted DNA. Mix gently and incubate for 5-15 minutes at room temperature.

  4. For each well of cells, dilute 1.25-2.25 μl of Lipofectamine® LTX into the above diluted DNA solution, mix gently and incubate for 25 minutes at room temperature to form DNA-Lipofectamine® LTX complexes.

  5. Add 100 μl of the DNA-Lipofectamine® LTX complexes directly to each well containing cells and mix gently by rocking the plate back and forth.

  6. Complexes do not have to be removed following transfection. Incubate the cells at 37°C in a CO2 incubator for 18-24 hours post-transfection before assaying for transgene expression.
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Scaling Up or Down Transfections

To transfect THP-1 cells in different tissue culture formats, vary the amounts of Lipofectamine® LTX Reagent, DNA, cells, medium and PLUS™ Reagent used in proportion to the relative surface area, as shown in the table (amounts given on a per well basis).

Culture vessel Surface
area per
well1
Volume plating medium Cells per well Volume
dilution
medium2
DNA Lipofectamine®
LTX Reagent
PLUS™
Reagent
96-well0.3 cm2100 μl2 x 10420 μl100 ng0.25 - 0.45 μl0.1 μl
48-well1 cm2200 μl4 x 10440 μl200 ng0.5- 0.9 μl0.2 μl
24-well2 cm2500 μl1 x 105100 μl500 ng1.25 - 2.25  μl0.5 μl
12-well4 cm21 ml2.0 x 105200 μl1 μg2.5 - 4.5 μl1.0 μl
6-well10 cm2 2 ml5.0x 105500 μl2.5 μg6.25 - 11.25 μl2.5 μl


1 Surface areas may vary depending on the manufacturer.
2 If the volume of Lipofectamine® LTX Reagent is too small to dispense accurately, and you cannot pool dilutions  predilute Lipofectamine® LTX Reagent 10-fold in Opti-MEM® I Reduced Serum Medium, and dispense a 10-fold higher amount (should be at least 1.0 μl per well). Discard any unused diluted Lipofectamine®LTX Reagent.

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25-0948W   11  Jul 2006