Introduction

The SuperScript™ III One-Step RT-PCR System with Platinum® Taq  High Fidelity is designed for sensitive, high-fidelity end-point detection and analysis of RNA molecules by RT-PCR. Using this convenient one-step formulation, you can perform both cDNA synthesis and PCR amplification in a single tube using gene-specific primers and target RNAs from either total RNA or mRNA. The system uses a mixture of SuperScript® III Reverse Transcriptase and Platinum® Taq  DNA Polymerase High Fidelity for enhanced RT-PCR yields and fidelity, as well as the detection of longer templates. The system can detect a wide range of RNA targets from 300 bp to 10 kb, and is compatible with multiplex applications. The amount of starting material can range from 1 pg to 1 µg of total RNA.
 
The system consists of two major components: SuperScript™ III RT/ Platinum® Taq High Fidelity Enzyme Mix and 2X Reaction Mix. SuperScript™ III Reverse Transcriptase is a version of M-MLV RT that has been engineered to reduce RNase H activity and provide increased thermal stability.  The enzyme can synthesize cDNA at a temperature range of 45–60°C, providing increased specificity, higher yields of cDNA, and more full-length product than other reverse transcriptases. Because SuperScript™ III RT is not significantly inhibited by ribosomal and transfer RNA, it can be used to synthesize cDNA from total RNA.
 
Platinum® Taq  DNA Polymerase High Fidelity is an enzyme mixture composed of recombinant Taq  DNA polymerase, Pyrococcus species GB-D polymerase, and Platinum® Taq  antibodies, which block polymerase activity at ambient temperatures. The antibodies are denatured and polymerase activity is restored during the denaturation step in PCR cycling at 94° C, providing an automatic “hot start” in PCR and increasing sensitivity, specificity, and yield. Pyrococcus species GB-D polymerase is a proofreading enzyme that possesses a 3’ to 5’ exonuclease activity. Mixture of this enzyme with Taq  DNA polymerase results in a six-fold increase in fidelity over Taq  DNA polymerase alone and allows amplification of simple and complex DNA templates over a large range of target sizes.
 
The 2X Reaction Mix included in the kit consists of a proprietary buffer system that has been optimized for reverse transcription and PCR, and includes Mg2+, deoxyribonucleotide triphosphates (dNTPs), and stabilizers. A tube of 5 mM MgSO4 is included in the kit for further optimization of the Mg2+ concentration. Sufficient reagents are provided for 25 or 100 amplification reactions of 50 µl each.
 
Note:   This kit has been optimized for end-point RT-PCR. For quantitative real-time RT-PCR, use the SuperScript™ III Platinum® One-Step Quantitative RT-PCR System
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Materials

Store all components at -20°C

Component 25-rxn kit 100-rxn kit
SuperScript™ III RT/ Platinum® Taq  
High Fidelity Enzyme Mix 25 µl 100 µl
2X Reaction Mix (a buffer containing 0.4 mM of each dNTP, 2.4 mM MgSO4)   1 ml 3 x 1 ml
5-mM Magnesium Sulfate500 µl 500 µl

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Ordering Information

Sku Name Size Price Qty
12574030 SuperScript® III One-Step RT-PCR System with Platinum® Taq High Fidelity DNA Polymerase 25 reactions USD 250.00
12574035 SuperScript® III One-Step RT-PCR System with Platinum® Taq High Fidelity DNA Polymerase 100 reactions USD 668.00

One-Step qRT-PCR Protocol

The following cycling conditions were established and tested using a GeneAmp®PCR System 9600 and 2400 and a DNA Engine® PTC-200. You may need to adjust these conditions for other thermal cyclers. Efficient cDNA synthesis can be achieved in a 15–30 minute incubation at 45–60°C. We recommend a 30-minute incubation at 55°C as a general starting point. The optimal temperature for reverse transcription will depend on primer and target sequences. Cycling conditions may have to be further optimized for different sequences. Three-step cycling (separate annealing and extension steps) is required.
 
  1. Program the thermal cycler so that cDNA synthesis is followed immediately with PCR amplification automatically.

  2. A: cDNA synthesis and
    pre-denaturation

    B: PCR amplification
    C: Final extension
    Perform 1 cycle of:
    45-60°C for 15–30 minutes
    94°C for 2 minutes
    Perform 40 cycles of:
    Denature, 94°C for 15 seconds
    Anneal, 55–66°C for 30 seconds
    Extend, 68°C for 1 minute/kb
    1 cycle of 68ºC for 5 minutes



  3. Add the following to a 0.2-ml, nuclease-free, thin-walled PCR tube on ice. For multiple reactions, you can prepare a master mix to minimize reagent loss and enable accurate pipetting.

    Component Volume
    2X Reaction Mix25 µl
    Template RNA (1 pg–1 µg) x µl
    Sense primer (10 µM)1 µl
    Anti-sense primer (10 µM) 1 µl
    SuperScript™ III RT/ Platinum® Taq High Fidelity Enzyme Mix* 1 µl
    Autoclaved distilled water to 50 µl

    *You can verify absence of genomic DNA in RNA preparations by omitting the Enzyme Mix and substituting 2 units of Platinum® Taq DNA Polymerase High Fidelity in the reaction.

  4. Gently mix and make sure that all the components are at the bottom of the amplification tube. Centrifuge briefly if needed. Depending on the thermal cycler used, overlay with silicone oil if necessary.

  5. Place the reaction in the preheated thermal cycler programmed as described above. Collect the data and analyze the results.
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Support Protocol 1: RNA Quality

  • This kit has been optimized for use with 1 pg to 1 µg of total RNA.
  • High quality intact RNA is essential for successful full-length cDNA synthesis.
  • For low copy-number genes or longer targets, use more starting material (>10 ng total RNA).
  • RNA should be devoid of any RNase contamination and aseptic conditions should be maintained.
  • We recommend the PureLink™ Micro-to-Midi Total RNA Purification System or TRIzol® Reagent for isolation of total RNA. See the Materials section for ordering information. Oligo(dT) selection for poly(A)+ RNA is typically not necessary, although it may improve the yield of specific cDNAs.
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Support Protocol 2: Primer Design

  • We recommend using gene specific primers (GSPs). We do not recommend using oligo(dT) or random primers, as they can generate nonspecific products in the one-step procedure and the amount of RT-PCR product may be reduced.
  • A final primer concentration of 0.2 µM for each primer is generally optimal. However, for best results, we recommend performing a primer titration of 0.15-0.5 µM.
  • Design primers that anneal to the mRNA sequence in exons on both sides of an intron or exon/exon boundary, to allow differentiation between the amplified cDNA and potential contaminating genomic DNA.
  • Primers should not be self-complementary or complementary to each other at the 3´ ends. 
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Support Protocol 3: Magnesium and dNTP Concentration

  • MgSO4 is included in the 2X Reaction Mix at a final concentration of 1.2 mM, which works well for most targets. If needed, the magnesium concentration can further be optimized (usually between 1.2–2 mM) with the 5-mM MgSO4 provided in the kit.
  • dNTPs are included in the 2X Reaction Mix at a final concentration of 200 µM, which is optimal for most reactions.
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Support Protocol 4: Reaction Setup

  • Program the thermal cycler before setting up the reaction. The thermal cycler should be preheated to 45–60° C, depending on the temperature selected for cDNA synthesis.
  • For difficult or high GC-content templates, use a 55–60° C cDNA synthesis temperature.
  • Keep all components, reaction mixes, and samples on ice. After preparation of the samples, transfer them to the preheated thermal cycler and immediately start the RT-PCR program.
  • Efficient cDNA synthesis can be accomplished in a 15–30-minute incubation at 45–60° C. For small targets, an incubation time of 5 minutes may be sufficient.
  • SuperScript™ III RT is inactivated, Platinum® Taq DNA Polymerase High Fidelity is reactivated, and the RNA/cDNA hybrid is denatured during the 2-minute incubation at 94° C.
  • The annealing temperature should be 10° C below the melting temperature of the primers used.
  • The extension time varies with the size of the amplicon (approximately 1 minute per 1 kb of amplicon).
  • For all targets up to 10 kb, 1 µl of SuperScript™ III RT/ Platinum® Taq High Fidelity Enzyme Mix is sufficient.
 
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Troubleshooting

Problem
Possible cause
Possible solution
No amplification product
No cDNA synthesis (temperature too high)
For the cDNA synthesis step, incubate <55°C.
 
 
RNase contamination
Maintain aseptic conditions; add RNase inhibitor.
 
Not enough starting template RNA
Increase the concentration of template RNA; use 100 ng to 1 µg of total RNA.
 
RNA has been damaged or degraded
Replace RNA if necessary.
 
RT inhibitors are present in RNA
Remove inhibitors in the RNA preparation by an additional 70% ethanol wash.
Note: Inhibitors of RT include SDS, EDTA, guanidium salts, formamide, sodium phosphate and spermidine (11,12).
 
Annealing temperature is too high
Decrease temperature as necessary.
 
Extension time is too short
Set extension time for at least 60 seconds per kb of target length.
 
Cycle number is too low
Increase cycle number.
Low specificity
Reaction conditions not optimal

Optimize magnesium concentration.

 
 
Optimize the primer.
 
 
Optimize the annealing temperature and extension time.
 
 
Increase temperature of RT reaction to 60° C.
 
Oligo(dT) or random primers used for first-strand synthesis
Use only gene-specific primers.
Unexpected bands after electrophoretic analysis
Contamination by genomic DNA
Pretreat RNA with DNase I, Amplification Grade (Cat. no. 18068-015), as described in the DNase I documentation.
 
Design primers that anneal to sequence in exons on both sides of an intron or at the exon/exon boundary of the mRNA to differentiate between amplified cDNA and potential contaminating genomic DNA.
 
To test if products were derived from DNA, substitute 2 units of Platinum® Taq DNA Polymerase High Fidelity for the Enzyme Mix in the reaction
 
Nonspecific annealing of primers
Vary the annealing temperature,
 
Optimize the magnesium concentration for each template and primer combination.
 
Primers formed dimers
Design primers without complementary sequences at the 3´ ends.

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References

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15.     Holland, P.M., Abramson, R.D., Watson, R., and Gelfand, D. H. (1991) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 88, 7276.
 
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17.     Heid, C. A., Stevens, J., Livak, K. J., and Williams, P. M. (1996) Genome Res. 6, 986.
 
18.     Tyagi, S. and Kramer, F.R. (1996) Nature Biotechnology 14, 303.
 
19.     Tyagi, S., Bratu, D.P., and Kramer, F.R. (1998) Nature Biotechnology 16, 49.
 
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