Introduction

SYBR® GreenER™ qPCR SuperMix for ABI PRISM® is a ready-to-use cocktail containing all components, except primers and template, for real-time quantitative PCR (qPCR) on ABI real-time instruments that support normalization with ROX Reference Dye at a final concentration of 500 nM. It combines a chemically modified “hot-start” version of Taq DNA polymerase with integrated uracil DNA glycosylase (UDG) carryover prevention technology and a novel fluorescent dye to deliver excellent sensitivity in the quantification of target sequences, with a linear dose response over a wide range of target concentrations.

Volumes are provided for 100 or 500 amplification reactions of 50 μl each.

SYBR® GreenER™ qPCR SuperMix for ABI PRISM® is supplied at a 2X concentration and contains hot-start Taq DNA polymerase, SYBR® GreenER™ fluorescent dye, 1 μM ROX Reference Dye, MgCl2, dNTPs (with dUTP instead of dTTP), UDG, and stabilizers. The SuperMix formulation can quantify fewer than 10 copies of a target gene, has a broad dynamic range, and is compatible with melting curve analysis.

  • The fluorescent double-stranded DNA (dsDNA) binding dye in the SuperMix provides both higher sensitivity and lower PCR inhibition than SYBR® Green I dye. It can be used on real-time PCR instruments calibrated for SYBR® Green I dye without any change of filters or settings. In qPCR, as dsDNA accumulates, the SYBR® GreenER™ qPCR SuperMix dye generates a fluorescent signal that is proportional to the DNA concentration (1, 2).
  • The Taq DNA polymerase provided in the SuperMix has been chemically modified to block polymerase activity at ambient temperatures, allowing room-temperature setup and long-term storage at 4°C. Activity is restored after a 10-minute incubation in PCR cycling, providing an automatic hot start for increased sensitivity, specificity, and yiel  (3).
  • UDG and dUTP in the SuperMix prevent the reamplification of carryover PCR products between reactions (4). dUTP ensures that any amplified DNA will contain uracil, while UDG removes uracil residues from single- or double-stranded DNA. A UDG incubation step before PCR cycling destroys any contaminating dU-containing product from previous reactions (5). UDG is then inactivated by the high temperatures during normal PCR cycling, thereby allowing the amplification of genuine target sequences.
  • ROX is included at a final concentration of 500 nM to normalize the fluorescent signal on instruments that are compatible with this option. ROX can adjust for non-PCR-related fluctuations in fluorescence between reactions, and provides a stable baseline in multiplex reactions. It is composed of a glycine conjugate of 5-carboxy-X-rhodamine, succinimidyl ester.


Component 100-rxn Kit 500-rxn Kit
SYBR® GreenER™ qPCR SuperMix for ABI PRISM® 2 × 1.25 ml 12.5 ml

Shipping and Storage

The SuperMix is shipped on dry ice and should be stored at 4ºC. Storage at –20ºC may extend shelf life.

Handling Conditions

Minimize exposure of SYBR® GreenER® qPCR SuperMix for ABI PRISM® to direct light. Exposure to direct light for an extended period of time may result in loss of fluorescent signal intensity.

Two-Step qRT-PCR Kits

This SuperMix is also included with the SYBR® GreenER™ Two-Step qRT-PCR Kit for ABI PRISM®, catalog nos. 11763-100 and 11763-500.

Product Qualification

The Certificate of Analysis (CofA) provides detailed quality control information for each product. The CofA is available here, and is searchable by product lot number, which is printed on each box.

Ordering Information

Sku Name Size Price Qty
11760100 SYBR GreenER™ qPCR SuperMix for ABI PRISM® Instrument 100 reactions USD 205.00
11760500 SYBR GreenER™ qPCR SuperMix for ABI PRISM® Instrument 500 reactions USD 892.00
11752050 SuperScript® III First-Strand Synthesis SuperMix for qRT-PCR 50 reactions USD 477.00
11752250 SuperScript® III First-Strand Synthesis SuperMix for qRT-PCR 250 reactions USD 2,165.00
11761100 SYBR GreenER™ qPCR SuperMix for iCycler® Instrument 100 reactions USD 205.00
11761500 SYBR GreenER™ qPCR SuperMix for iCycler® Instrument 500 reactions USD 892.00
11762100 SYBR GreenER™ qPCR SuperMix Universal 100 reactions USD 205.00
11762500 SYBR GreenER™ qPCR SuperMix Universal 500 reactions USD 892.00

Important Parameters

Instrument Compatibility

This kit can be used with ABI real-time instruments that are compatible with ROX Reference Dye at a final concentration of 500 nM. These instruments include the ABI PRISM® 7000, 7700, and 7900HT; the ABI 7300 Real-Time PCR System; and the ABI GeneAmp® 5700.

Note: This kit is not compatible with instruments that use ROX at a final concentration lower than 500 nM, including the ABI 7500. For these instruments, we recommend SYBR® GreenER™ qPCR SuperMix Universal, which includes ROX as a separate tube that can be added at the required concentration (see Additional Products in Ordering Table).

Template

cDNA

  • For two-step qRT-PCR, use undiluted or diluted cDNA generated from up to 1 μg of total RNA. For cDNA synthesis, we recommend the SuperScript® III First-Strand Synthesis SuperMix for qRT-PCR
  • A maximum of 10% of the qPCR reaction volume may be undiluted cDNA (e.g., for a 50-μl qPCR, use up to 5 μl of undiluted cDNA).
  • Note that detecting high-abundance genes in undiluted cDNA may result in very low CTs in qPCR, leading to reduced quantification accuracy. Prepare a dilution series of the cDNA template for the most accurate results.

Plasmid and Genomic DNA

Use up to 100 ng of genomic DNA or 10–107 copies of plasmid DNA in a 10-μl volume. Note that 1 μg of plasmid DNA contains 9.1 × 1011 copies divided by the plasmid size in kilobases.

Primers

Primer design is one of the most important parameters when using SYBR® GreenER™ qPCR SuperMix. We strongly recommend using a primer design program such as OligoPerfect™, available here, or Vector NTI™. When designing primers, the amplicon length should be approximately 80–250 bp. A final concentration of 200 nM per primer is effective for most reactions. Optimal results may require a titration of primer concentrations between 100 and 500 nM.

DNA Polymerase Activation Time

The hot-start DNA polymerase is activated in the 10-minute incubation at 95°C before PCR cycling.

Melting Curve Analysis

Melting curve analysis should always be performed following real-time qPCR to identify the presence of primer dimers and analyze the specificity of the reaction. Program your instrument for melting curve analysis using the instructions provided with your specific instrument.

Magnesium Concentration

Magnesium chloride is included in the SuperMix at an optimized concentration for qPCR.
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General Protocol for ABI Instruments

Follow the general protocol below for qPCR on compatible ABI real-time instruments (see Instrument Compatibility, above).

  1. Program your real-time instrument as shown below. Optimal temperatures and incubation times may vary.
    50ºC for 2 minutes hold (UDG incubation)
    95ºC for 10 minutes hold (UDG inactivation and DNA polymerase activation)
    40 cycles of:
    95ºC, 15 seconds
    60ºC, 60 seconds

  2. For each reaction, add the following to a 0.2-ml microcentrifuge tube or each well of a PCR plate. A standard 50-μl reaction size is provided; component volumes can be scaled as desired (e.g., scaled down to a 20-μl reaction volume for 384-well plates). For multiple reactions, prepare a master mix of common components, add the appropriate volume to each tube or plate well, and then add the unique reaction components (e.g., template). Note: Preparing a master mix is strongly recommended in qRT-PCR to reduce pipetting errors.

    Component Single rxn
    Notes

    SYBR® GreenER™ qPCR SuperMix for ABI PRISM®
    25 μl 1X final conc.
    Forward primer, 10 μM1 μl 200 nM final conc.
    Reverse primer, 10 μM 1 μl 200 nM final conc
    Template (up to 100 ng of genomic DNA, 10–107 copies of plasmid DNA,
    or cDNA generated from up to 1 μg of total RNA)
    5–10 μlmax. 10% v/v undiluted cDNA
    DEPC-treated waterto 50 μl


  3. Cap or seal the reaction tube/PCR plate, and gently mix. Make sure that all components are at the bottom of the tube/plate; centrifuge briefly if needed.

  4. Place reactions in a preheated real-time instrument programmed as described above. Collect data and analyze results.
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Troubleshooting

Problem Possible Cause Solution
Signals are present in no-template controls, and/or multiple peaks are present in the melting curve graphTemplate or reagents are contaminated by nucleic acids (DNA, cDNA)Use melting curve analysis and/or run the PCR products on a 4% agarose gel after the reaction to identify contaminants. Take standard precautions to avoid contamination when preparing your PCR reactions. Ideally, amplification reactions should be assembled in a DNA-free environment. We recommend using aerosol-resistant barrier tips.

Primer dimers or other primer artifacts are presentUse melting curve analysis to identify primer dimers. We recommend using validated pre-designed primer sets or design primers using dedicated software programs or primer databases. Primer contamination or truncated or degraded primers can lead to artifacts. Check the purity of your primers by gel electrophoresis.
No amplification curve appears on the qPCR graphThere is no PCR productRun the reaction on a gel to determine whether PCR worked. Then proceed to the troubleshooting steps below.
No PCR product is evident, either in the qPCR graph or on a gelThe protocol was not followed correctlyVerify that all steps have been followed and the correct reagents, dilutions, volumes, and cycling parameters have been used.

Template contains inhibitors, nucleases, or proteases, or has otherwise been degraded.Purify or re-purify your template.

Primer design is
suboptimal
Verify your primer selection. We recommend using validated pre-designed
primers or design primers using dedicated software programs or primer
databases.
PCR product is evident in the gel, but not on the qPCR graph
qPCR instrument settings
are incorrect
Confirm that you are using the correct instrument settings (dye selection and
calibration, reference dye, filters, acquisition points, etc.).

Problems with your
specific qPCR instrument
See your instrument manual for tips and troubleshooting.
PCR efficiency is above 110%
Template contains
inhibitors, nucleases, or
proteases, or has otherwise
been degraded.
Purify or re-purify your template. Inhibitors in the template may result in
changes in PCR efficiency between dilutions

Nonspecific products may
be amplified.
Use melting curve analysis if possible, and/or run the PCR products on a 4%
agarose gel after the reaction to identify contaminants. Suboptimal primer
design may lead to nonspecific products. Use validated pre-designed primers or
design primers using dedicated software programs or primer databases.
PCR efficiency is below
90%
The PCR conditions are suboptimal
Verify that the reagents you are using have not been freeze-thawed multiple times and have not remained at room temperature for too long. Verify that the amount of primers you are using is correct.

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References

  1. Wittwer C.T., Herrmann M.G., Moss A.A., and Rasmussen R.P. (1997) Continuous fluorescence monitoring of rapid cycle DNA amplification. BioTechniques 22, 130-138.

  2. Ishiguro, T., Saitoh, J., Yawata, H., Yamagishi, H., Iwasaki, S., and Mitoma, Y. (1995) Homogeneous quantitative assay of hepatitis C virus RNA by polymerase chain reaction in the presence of a fluorescent intercalater. Anal. Biochem. 229, 207.

  3. Chou, Q., Russell, M., Birch, D., Raymond, J., and Bloch, W. (1992) Prevention of pre-PCR mis-priming and primer dimerization improves low-copy-number amplifications. Nucl. Acids Res. 20, 1717.

  4. Longo, M., Berninger, M., and Hartley, J. (1990) Use of uracil DNA glycosylase to control carry-over contamination in polymerase chain reactions. Gene 93, 125.

  5. Lindahl, T., Ljungquist, S., Siegert, W., Nyberg, B., and Sperens, B. (1977) DNA N-glycosidases: properties of uracil-DNA glycosidase from Escherichia coli. J. Biol. Chem. 252, 3286.
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MAN0001023       2-Jun-2010